The Importance of Egg Donation in Invitro Fertilization Treatment

by: anirban

Invitro fertilization was initially developed in 1978 for women with damaged, blocked or missing fallopian tubes. Today, the IVF procedures are commonly followed to overcome infertility caused by ovulatory problems, sperm issues, endometriosis and other reasons. Each year, more than 15,000 healthy babies are born in the US through successful in vitro fertilization procedure. How is Invitro Fertilization Procedure carried out? The IVF procedures involve fertilizing a woman's eggs (ova) in an artificial environment outside a woman's body. Using medication the ovaries are stimulated to produce multiple eggs. The eggs are then removed via the vaginal wall and then they are combined with a man's sperm in the laboratory. The embryo produced through this process is then transplanted into the woman's uterus with the hope that pregnancy will be achieved successfully. However, results may vary since there are various factors including the quality of the eggs and the age of the woman that determine the pregnancy. Sometimes, the woman may not have eggs that can be fertilized successfully or she may have been born without reproductive organs or ovaries. There are also cases where the reproductive organs are surgically removed due to cancer or other diseases. In such circumstances, egg donation is the only procedures in in vitro fertilization treatment that can help a woman conceive a child. Egg or ovule donation is a process where a woman provides up to 10 or 15 egg cells for assisted reproduction purpose. Ovule donation involves the in vitro fertilization procedure as the eggs get fertilized in the laboratory after removal. After the donor donates eggs, her role is complete. Since the donation process is part of the Assisted Reproductive Technology, there are some guidelines laid by the American Society of Reproductive Medicine and the FDA that has to be followed before a woman donates her egg cells. The invitro fertilization procedure is carried out when other treatments have failed. However, the procedure usually requires more than one cycle to succeed. According to a survey, the birth rate is 30 to 35 percent for each IVF cycle for women under the 35 age group, whereas it is only 10 percent for women at age 40. But, if egg donation procedure is involved the success rate can reach up to 45 percent.